If you are not familiar with appealing a court judgment, you may wonder who can make an appeal in the first place. Do both sides have an equal opportunity to appeal a Tennessee court decision, and does it work the same way in civil litigation and in criminal prosecutions? The U.S. Courts website provides answers to these important questions. If you are considering an appeal to a court judgment, you should have a reasonable idea of how to proceed.

When it comes to cases involving suing another party in court, either side has a right to appeal a judgment to an appellate court. It does not matter whether the case was decided by a jury or a judge. However, the right to appeal can be waived if the parties decide to settle the case without pursuing a decision from a jury or the bench. If a settlement is agreed to, there can be no appeal.

Appeals work differently in criminal cases. If a person is found guilty of a crime, the defendant has the option to appeal the verdict. This is not the case if the person is acquitted. A prosecutor cannot appeal a not guilty verdict to try to get a new trial because it would violate Fifth Amendment protections against double jeopardy. However, if the defendant pleads guilty, the right to an appeal is typically waived.

However, there is room for both a defendant and a prosecutor to retain the right to appeal a sentence imposed after a verdict of guilty. A defense attorney may argue that the sentence does not comply with the requirements of the law. A prosecutor can appeal on the grounds of a similar argument. Either side might also claim that the sentence violates sentencing guidelines or otherwise deviates from the guidelines.

Anyone inexperienced in matters concerning appealing a judgment can benefit from asking a professional appeals attorney to gain a better understanding of the subject. Remember that this article is only intended to inform you about appeals and not to give you any legal advice.

If you are in Tennessee and have questions about rules regarding appeals, call the Law Office of Gregory D. Smith, 931/647-1299 or visit Mr. Smith is listed in Mid-South Super Lawyers and is A-V rated by Martindale-Hubbell. You can read a featured article about Mr. Smith’s work in appellate courts in the November, 2019 ABA Journal, (the national magazine of the American Bar Association), at